Friday, August 15, 2014

Ida Tarbell & Willa Cather

From Ida Tarbell: Portrait of a Muckraker by Kathleen Brady:

"There was a new writer on staff [at McClure's Magazine], a former teacher in her late twenties, who had lived in Virginia and Nebraska and acquired the worst accents of both. Only McClure and Roseboro liked her. The rest thought Willa Cather a disgruntled "yes-man," according to Curtis Brady, one of several Brady brothers on the business staff. Cather wanted to meet Ida Tarbell, the woman writer who had made a name for herself but Tarbell had no time. Ida "didn't cotton to her, nor discount her either," according to Roseboro. In later years, Tarbell expressed great admiration for Death Comes for the Archbishop and defended Cather's way of guarding her privacy to protect her working hours" (134).

Click here to see a picture of Cather with Ida Tarbell taken years later in 1924 when Cather was 51 and Tarbell 67.

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

Women Heroes of World War I by Kathryn J. Atwood

This highly readable and informative book is categorized as young adult nonfiction/history and it's good reading for older adults, too.

It's the kind of book I wish had been around when I was a girl growing up on movies like The Sands of Iwo Jima, The Bridge on the River Kwai, and The Great Escape. I was fascinated by war and wanted to see women portrayed in the thick of things. Unfortunately, back then (and, sadly, still now) women's contributions to the war effort were lucky to get more than a sentence: women worked in factories, nursed the wounded, and knitted socks for the soldiers.

 As a girl who sought adventure it was frustrating and embarrassing not to see examples of women who had done heroic things in history books. Even as a young Marine and then college/graduate student it was a challenge to find books and primary sources about women who contributed to the war effort beyond working in factories or nursing the wounded (often times the images presented were of clean, orderly factories and hospitals far away from danger). If a history book mentioned that women were allowed to join the military during WWI, they got a sentence and maybe a group picture with a caption that stated women joined to "free a man to fight."

As an adult I understand the importance of factory work for the war effort as well as for the advancement of women's rights. I've read about the gruesome duty and long hours nurses worked. And if the woman who joined the military in WWI mainly did paperwork they are not to be dismissed because, as anyone whose been in the military knows, accurate and timely paperwork is sometimes just as important as water and food.

But I'd wager that no one, not even women in 1914, wants to join the military to do paperwork. Women, like men, have always wanted to do something to help when the chips are down (for altruistic reasons and/or to escape their lives) and this book shows that they did, whether officially in the military or with some other organization or by taking matters into their own hands. 

Women Heroes of World War I definitely helps round out the picture of what women are capable of doing during wartime and what 16 brave women did during World War I.

The book is divided into four sections:

Part I: Resisters and Spies
  • Edith Cavell
  • Louise Thuliez
  • Emilienne Moreau
  • Gabrielle Petit
  • Marthe Cnockaert
  • Louise de Bettignies

Part II: Medical Personnel
  • Elsie Inglis
  • Olive King
  • Helena Gleichen
  • Shirley Millard

Part III: Soldiers
  • Maria Bochkareva
  • Flora Sandes
  • Marina Yurlova
  • Ecaterina Teodoroiu

Part IV: Journalists
  • Mary Roberts Rinehart
  • Madeleine Zabriskie Doty

There are photographs scattered throughout the book, quotes, and mini articles in text boxes that give a bit of background on things such as poisoned gas, weapons & wounds, Greece's neutrality and side-switching, Marie Curie & Radiography, Rosa Luxemburg, the influenza pandemic of 1918, the Russian Revolution, and more.

There's an introduction to each Part which provides context and each chapter focusing on one women begins with her picture, a quote, and ends with a "Learn More" text box that includes books and occasionally websites about the subject. There's a seven page bibliography would have made me weep tears of joy as a teenager. Entries with an asterisk point out books suitable for younger readers. A three page glossary explains some general concepts (e.g. artillery, shrapnel), historical events (e.g. Franco-Prussian War, Triple Entente), and people (e.g. Kaiser Wilhelm, Tsar Nicholas II). There is no filler or fluff in this book.

This picture alone made me want to know more about Flora. Not a typical pose of a woman having her photo taken during this time period.
Taken as a whole, the features of the book provide context and background about the war and women's lives leading up to, during, and after WWI. It covers the Western, Eastern, and Italian fronts, and conditions for civilians within Germany.  

Women Heroes of World War I would be an excellent addition to both school and public libraries and appropriate for both readers new to WWI and those who've already read much about the subject, whether YA or plain old adult readers.

This book is part of the Women of Action Series from Chicago Review Press. Atwood has two previous titles in the series, Code Name Pauline: Memoirs of a World War II Special Agent, Pearl Witherington Cornioley and Women Heroes of World War II: 26 Stories of Espionage, Sabotage, Resistance, and Rescue.

Women Heroes of World War I
Kathryn J. Atwood
Chicago Review Press, June 2014
Source: review copy I requested
Rating: 5/5 stars
FTC disclaimer: I received a free copy of the book in exchange for an honest review. I was not required to write a positive review. Since I usually only finish books I enjoy or am stimulated by for whatever reason and usually only blog about books I've finished, most of my reviews are about books I've enjoyed and therefore tend to be on the positive side. Life is too short to read books one doesn't enjoy or learn something from. And life is certainly too short to waste time blogging about such books.

Thursday, July 31, 2014

This is the Water by Yannick Murphy

Smart writing without being self-reflexively clever and excellent tension building.
This book piqued my interest because it revolves around a girls swim team. One of my nieces is a swimmer and I am fascinated by the amount of work my sister put into her daughter's high school team. Although my sister never struggled with another parent to stuff her daughter's body into a race suit (they had official team suits), there were 5am practices to get to, appropriate foods to fret over, timing duty, and all-day meets.

This is the Water is one of the most creative and suspenseful mystery/thrillers that I've read. For starters there's the writing style and structure. It's written in the second person perspective and hangs on a structure of paragraphs that often begin with "This is." This is the water. This is the facility. This is Chris. "This is you, Annie, mother of two swim team girls, Sofia and Alex, wife of Thomas" and "This is the killer, our killer, at the meet watching Kim."

At first this structure annoyed me. It seemed like it slowed things down, was too staccato. During my first two reading sessions I had doubts about finishing the book and then, suddenly, it was lodged in my brain. I couldn't stop thinking about the book when I wasn't reading it and when I was reading it the style & structure carried me swiftly along like the hooks of a long poem or song.

Here's a sample from early on:
"This is your brother with the gun in his mouth. This is your brother forming a cauliflower head on the carpet with his blood. This is his wife, hearing the shot downstairs in his office set up with sound mixers and stereos and computers. This is your brother's teenage son, hearing the shot too, colliding with his mother as both of them try to run down the stairs together, barely fitting that way, abreast in the stairwell as they run. This is the mother using all of her force to hold her teenage son back from opening up the door. This the teenage son calling out for his father and banging on the closed door. This is the father answering with just the sound of his blood as it pours out of him" (70-71).
It was this scene that made me realize I was tightly gripping the book. It made me both teary eyed and excited to read more.

Short chapters also help moved things along so beware if you're reading before bed, you might stay up too late. Publisher's Weekly says the novel is, “Obscenely suspenseful. . . . In Murphy’s hands, the structure becomes almost hypnotic–and when the story hits full speed in the final quarter, the suspense becomes almost excruciating.” So true. Go figure, an honest book blurb.

Yannick Murphy
The setting is rural New England and the characters are primarily middle aged parents in less than satisfying marriages if not outright unhappy unions. Annie, in the beginning, is in an obsessive state over her brother's suicide. A serial killer in Denver is caught and that triggers the chain of events in This is the Water.

These two things, suicide and murder, are what eventually lead to the climax which highlights one of the themes of the novel, which is choosing life. Not just being alive, but living. Not just wondering and worrying about things, but taking action. Murphy subtly weaves life/death imagery throughout the story. Nothing is extraneous.

As a New England newbie, I appreciate Murphy's descriptions of New England, particularly how you
can see right into people's houses at night. New Englanders, at least those of the small town variety, aren't big on curtains or other window treatments. Don't people feel vulnerable? Is this some kind of Puritan hold-over, that people want other people to see that they are not doing anything against God behind closed doors? But I digress.

In this novel it's not what people are doing behind closed doors that creeps you out, it's that people can and can't see from the outside in or inside out.

There were also some humorous bits and timely commentary. In one scene after listing all the healthy things the swim parents feed their children, Annie says,
"We do not talk of the bag of peanut M&M's we buy to get us through the long day of working at a swim meet. We will not talk of the Diet Coke we drink, perfectly timed to be drunk after our coffee and before the lunch hour, but never in front of the children, least they see how we drink soda, and we never let them drink it themselves unless it's soda water flavored with natural juice high in some kind of element or vitamin they wouldn't normally get in their daily diet and packaged in a can whose design wipes out any image of an industrial facility spewing smoke, spinning the dials of the electric meter, and hiring immigrants at low wages. Instead the can design screams healthy, whole, natural, good for you, flowers, fruit orchards, and sunshine. As if the cans themselves were just plucked from trees" (133-134).
And how about this for timely, what with all the recent to read or not to read YA talk:
"You should be thinking about your girls instead. Sofia's been reading too many YA books that are poorly written. You want to go through your own books and find one that's a classic, one you know she'd like, but lately you haven't had the time or the energy, the wherewithal to get up from your chair to do it" (172). 
That's Annie thinking and she's been reading Anna Karenina. You can't help wondering how the ending of that novel will be reflected in this one.

There are some brilliant sentences, too: "You feel warmth coming off Paul as if he were pavement on a hot day." Not only is this a nice sentence, it speaks volumes about what is lacking in Annie's life, the warmth of human connection.

There was a scene or two where I doubted something would really shake down that way, but it was a weak thought immediately replaced with wondering what was possibly going to do next.

I highly recommend this novel if you're into mystery/thrillers or interested in experimental writing. It's one of my favorite reads of the year.

This is the Water
Yannick Murphy
Harper Perennial: July 29, 2014
Source: review copy via TLC Book Tours
For more stops on the blog tour click here

FTC disclaimer: I received a free copy of the book in exchange for an honest review. I was not required to write a positive review. Since I usually only finish books I enjoy or am stimulated by for whatever reason and usually only blog about books I've finished, most of my reviews are about books I've enjoyed and therefore tend to be on the positive side. Life is too short to read books one doesn't enjoy or learn something from. And life is certainly too short to waste time blogging about such books.

Monday, July 28, 2014

The Killer Angels Read-along Wrap-up Post: July 3, 1863

The Killer Angels Read-along

Even though I knew how things were going to turn out for the battling armies, Shaara does a brilliant job of creating tension in this final section.

The primary tension is the portrayal of what General Longstreet, General Lee's second in command, went through in trying to change Lee's mind without insulting his commander and then the anguish of following Lee's suicidal order to attack. Heart wrenching. Longstreet understood that old tactics wouldn't be successful with new weapons. And I just wanted to shake General Lee. What was he thinking? Why couldn't he see what Longstreet understood? But that is the benefit of sitting on one's butt reading history--usually you know how everything turns out and the price of decisions being made.

As the Marine Corps Reading List blurb says of this book, "The author's ability to convey the thoughts of men in war as well as their confusion--the so-called "fog of battle"--is outstanding."

James Longstreet" by E. & H. T. Anthony (publisher) - SMU Digital Collection
One thing that I didn't anticipate before reading this novel was my desire to learn more about the lives and careers of the men who are highlighted in this story. Longstreet, with his dedication, understanding, and tears, is the guy who captured my imagination in this last section.

I'm so glad to have finally read this classic and was pleasantly surprised by its readability and passion.

Before I read any more about the Civil War, I want to watch the movie Gettysburg, which was based on this novel, and then go visit Gettysburg National Park in Pennsylvania, which is only about five hours away from where I live.

So, fellow readers, have any of you read The Killer Angels or visited Gettysburg? Your thoughts and comments are always appreciated!

Thursday, July 24, 2014

The Bone Seeker by M.J. McGrath

I used to shy away from reading a book in a series when I hadn't read the previous releases, but I've found that sometimes with a series an author is finding her footing in the first or second book and by the third or fourth things really take off.

That's how I felt about Louise Penny's excellent Chief Inspector Gamache series,  which keeps getting better and better, but was initially hard for me to get into. On the other hand, a series like Patricia Cornwell's Kay Scarpetta seems to have started out strong and then floundered (yet I still faithfully read it).

But as a general rule, I think if a series makes it beyond two or three entries it is usually a good bet to try, so when the publicist asked if I was interested in reading The Bone Seeker, the third entry in the Edie Kiglatuk series, I said yes because I was intrigued by the Arctic setting.
From the publisher:
Summer in the High Arctic. When young Inuit Martha Salliaq goes missing from her settlement, her teacher, ex Polar Bear Hunter Edie Kiglatuk enlists her police friend Derek Palliser to help search for the girl. But once a body is discovered floating in a polluted lake on the site of a decommissioned Radar Station, Edie’s worst fears are realized.
As the investigation into Martha’s murder begins, the Inuit community – and Martha’s devastated family – are convinced the culprits lie within the encampment of soldiers stationed nearby. Before long Sergeant Palliser finds evidence linking two of the men with the dead girl. But Edie and local lawyer Sonia Gutierrez remain unconvinced. Why are the military quite so willing to cooperate with the investigation? What has Edie’s boyfriend Chip Muloon, a simple academic researcher, got to hide? And why has the lake where Martha’s body was found been suddenly cordoned off?
A gripping, atmospheric thriller set in the Arctic’s long white nights, in The Bone Seeker the very personal murder of a young girl will explode a decades-long tale of the very darkest betrayal.
As a fan of Dana Stabenow, this seemed like it would be right up my alley and I was right. The Bone Seeker is an engaging and surprising story about a part of the world most people don't get to visit and even fewer understand.

The cover is a stunner, isn't it? The contrasting colors and design are just breath-taking in real life. (I know that sounds overly dramatic, but when I opened the package I actually said "wow" and stood there admiring the cover for a bit.) The dust jacket has that slightly grippy feel to it that Louise Penny's recent dust jackets also have. I know there's a name for it, but I forget. And, by they way, the title is not what you think, but it is brilliant.

The girl mentioned above is murdered in a horrific manner, but there's no detailed description of the murder or the postmortem. And there's also not a lot of gore or gratuitous violence throughout the story, which I appreciate. Don't get me wrong, I like it when the protagonist of a mystery goes through physical and emotional challenges and gets pushed around and worked over. That does happen in this story, but it was refreshing to read a mystery without excessive brutality or detailed descriptions of pain and psychological torture.

The setting was also unique (to me anyway). The isolated landscape with its harsh conditions shapes both the action of the story and the characters.
"She [Edie] knew it was the orderly types who often found the Arctic the hardest to adjust to because they were often the ones for whom the feelings of fear was the hardest to bear. It was impossible to be in the Arctic without the daily experiences of fear. Inuit like Edit took it for granted. Fear was the shade that could block out the sun but it was also the canopy under which you could shelter. You lived in its presence because you couldn't survive without it. Flight, fight. Fear."
This is a well written story and I wouldn't call the action fast-paced, but it never dragged for me. I actually had a few moments where I forgot I was reading and was just wrapped up in the story. There was only one moment when I was confused and thought there was a typo regarding a pronoun and that was because there's a boy named Willa. I've come across women named Edie before, but a boy named Willa? Perhaps it's just because I'm a Willa Cather fan that I got hung-up.

I did have a glimmer of knowing who the murderer was early on, but the book kept me guessing nonetheless. I highly recommend The Bone Seeker to amateur sleuth lovers and readers who like Dana Stabenow, Nevada Barr or Sue Henry for the big country setting, environmental themes, and confident outdoorsy woman sleuth.

Chronological order of the Edie Kiglatuk Mystery Series:
  1. White Heat 2011
  2. The Boy in the Snow 2013
  3. The Bone Seeker 2014
M.J. McGrath
The Bone Seeker
Viking: July 25, 2014
Source & FTC disclaimer: review copy provided by the publisher. I was not required to write a positive review. Since I usually only finish books I enjoy or am stimulated by and usually only blog about books I've finished, most of my reviews are about books I've enjoyed and therefore tend to be on the positive side. Life is too short to read books one doesn't enjoy or learn something from. And life is certainly too short to waste time blogging about such books.
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